Title Insurance Protects Your Biggest Investment
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Buying a home may be the largest investment you make in your lifetime. So before you close, you need to be sure that that nobody else can claim the property.
Determining that your rights and interests to the property are clear is the business of a title insurance company.
You pay the title insurance company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title company searches the title history of the property. Through its research, the title company can almost always find any title problems that may arise and have these problems cleared-up prior to closing.
Real Estate law is extraordinarily complicated. Title companies make sure that all the T's are crossed and all the I's are dotted so you don't end up with a clouded title and legal problems. Your title insurance owner's policy will describe the property and outline the limitations on your ownership. It will also set forth the title insurance company's responsibilities should any claim covered by the policy terms arise. Title insurance usually covers:
- Contested title — Someone, usually a previous owner or occupant, claims they still own the property or have not given up their claim. If this happens, the title company will defend your title and will cost you nothing.
- Defective title — This is a general term for a legal problem with the title that cannot be corrected and includes "contested title" above. Defects are rare, but they can be very difficult, making the property inaccessible, unbuildable, or unsaleable. Many other complex problems define "Defective title." The title insurance company will find these title problems, or should they miss them, insure your loss up to the amount of the policy.